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Grid 패널에 배치하기 – CS 코드로 작성하기 [언제나 WPF] 본문

.NET/WPF

Grid 패널에 배치하기 – CS 코드로 작성하기 [언제나 WPF]

Only 프로그램 소스 언제나휴일 2020. 7. 8. 10:24

 

배치할 모습

배치할 모습

MainWindow.xaml

<Window x:Class="Grid_실습_cs_코드_이용.MainWindow"
        xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
        xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
        xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
        xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
        xmlns:local="clr-namespace:Grid_실습_cs_코드_이용"
        mc:Ignorable="d"
        Title="MainWindow" Height="450" Width="800">    
</Window>

MainWindow.cs

using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.Windows.Media;

namespace Grid_실습_cs_코드_이용
{
    /// <summary>
    /// MainWindow.xaml에 대한 상호 작용 논리
    /// </summary>
    public partial class MainWindow : Window
    {
        TextBlock tb_name;
        TextBlock tb_age;
        TextBlock tb_intro;
        TextBox tbox_name;
        TextBox tbox_age;
        TextBox tbox_intro;
        Button btn_ok;
        TextBox tb_about;
        public MainWindow()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
            Layout();
        }

        private void Layout()
        {
            Grid grid = new Grid();
            this.Content = grid;
            //grid.ShowGridLines = true;
            RowColumnDefinitions(grid);
            ChildrenAdd(grid);
        }

        private void ChildrenAdd(Grid grid)
        {
            //<TextBlock Name="tb_name" Text="이름:" 
            //  VerticalAlignment="Center"/>
            tb_name = new TextBlock();
            tb_name.Text = "이름:";
            tb_name.VerticalAlignment = VerticalAlignment.Center;
            grid.Children.Add(tb_name);
            //<TextBlock Name="tb_age" Text="나이:" Grid.Row="1" 
            //  VerticalAlignment="Center"/>            
            tb_age = new TextBlock();
            tb_age.Text = "나이:";
            Grid.SetRow(tb_age, 1);
            tb_age.VerticalAlignment = VerticalAlignment.Center;
            grid.Children.Add(tb_age);
            //<TextBlock Name="tb_intro" Text="소개:" Grid.Row="2" 
            //  VerticalAlignment="Top"/>
            tb_intro = new TextBlock();
            tb_intro.Text = "소개:";
            Grid.SetRow(tb_intro, 2);
            tb_intro.VerticalAlignment = VerticalAlignment.Top;
            grid.Children.Add(tb_intro);


            //<TextBox Name="tbox_name" Grid.Column="1" 
            //  Grid.ColumnSpan="2"  Margin="2,2,2,2" Background="Cyan"/>            
            tbox_name = new TextBox();
            Grid.SetColumn(tbox_name, 1);
            Grid.SetColumnSpan(tbox_name, 2);
            tbox_name.Margin = new Thickness(2, 2, 2, 2);
            tbox_name.Background = Brushes.Cyan;
            grid.Children.Add(tbox_name);
            //<TextBox Name="tbox_age" Grid.Row="1" 
            //  Grid.Column="1" Grid.ColumnSpan="2"
            //   Margin="2,2,2,2" Background="Cyan"/>
            tbox_age = new TextBox();
            Grid.SetRow(tbox_age, 1);
            Grid.SetColumn(tbox_age, 1);
            Grid.SetColumnSpan(tbox_age, 2);
            tbox_age.Margin = new Thickness(2, 2, 2, 2);
            tbox_age.Background = Brushes.Cyan;
            grid.Children.Add(tbox_age);
            //<TextBox Name="tbox_intro" Grid.Row="2" 
            //   Grid.Column="1" AcceptsReturn="True"
            //   Background="Cyan" />
            tbox_intro = new TextBox();
            Grid.SetRow(tbox_intro, 2);
            Grid.SetColumn(tbox_intro, 1);
            tbox_intro.AcceptsReturn = true;
            tbox_intro.Background = Brushes.Cyan;
            grid.Children.Add(tbox_intro);
            //<Button Name="btn_ok" Grid.Row="2" 
            //   Grid.Column="2" Content="등록" />
            btn_ok = new Button();
            Grid.SetRow(btn_ok, 2);
            Grid.SetColumn(btn_ok, 2);
            btn_ok.Content = "등록";
            grid.Children.Add(btn_ok);

            //<TextBlock Name="tb_about" 
            //   Text="Grid를 이용하여 배치하기" Grid.Row="3"
            //   Grid.ColumnSpan="3" HorizontalAlignment="Center"/>
            tb_about = new TextBox();
            tb_about.Text = "Grid를 이용하여 배치하기";
            Grid.SetRow(tb_about, 3);
            Grid.SetColumnSpan(tb_about, 3);
            tb_about.HorizontalAlignment = HorizontalAlignment.Center;
            grid.Children.Add(tb_about);
        }

        private void RowColumnDefinitions(Grid grid)
        {
            RowDefinition rd1 = new RowDefinition();
            rd1.Height = new GridLength(40, GridUnitType.Pixel);
            grid.RowDefinitions.Add(rd1);

            RowDefinition rd2 = new RowDefinition();
            rd2.Height = new GridLength(40, GridUnitType.Pixel);
            grid.RowDefinitions.Add(rd2);

            RowDefinition rd3 = new RowDefinition();
            rd3.Height = new GridLength(2, GridUnitType.Star);
            grid.RowDefinitions.Add(rd3);

            RowDefinition rd4 = new RowDefinition();
            rd4.Height = new GridLength(1, GridUnitType.Star);
            grid.RowDefinitions.Add(rd4);

            ColumnDefinition cd1 = new ColumnDefinition();
            cd1.Width = new GridLength(60, GridUnitType.Pixel);
            grid.ColumnDefinitions.Add(cd1);

            ColumnDefinition cd2 = new ColumnDefinition();
            cd2.Width = new GridLength(1, GridUnitType.Star);
            grid.ColumnDefinitions.Add(cd2);

            ColumnDefinition cd3 = new ColumnDefinition();
            cd3.Width = new GridLength(80, GridUnitType.Pixel);
            grid.ColumnDefinitions.Add(cd3);
        }
    }
}
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